Here’s all the best information for traveling to Mongolia:
Capital City: Ulaanbaatar
Official Language: Mongolian
Currency: Mongolian Tugrik (MNT)
Time Zone: Mongolia Standard Time (GMT+8)
International Dialing Code: +976
Geography of Mongolia:
Mongolia is a landlocked country in East Asia. It is bordered by Russia to the north and China to the south, east, and west. The country offers diverse landscapes, including vast steppes, rugged mountains, the Gobi Desert, and stunning lakes.
Mongolia has a continental climate with long, cold winters and short, cool summers. Winters can be extremely cold, with temperatures dropping below freezing. Summers are relatively short but can be hot in certain regions.
Popular Destinations and Activities in Mongolia:
- Ulaanbaatar: Explore the capital city with its historical sites, museums, vibrant markets, and bustling city life.
- Gobi Desert: Experience the unique landscapes of the Gobi Desert, including sand dunes, canyons, and dinosaur fossils.
- Khuvsgul Lake: Visit the beautiful Khuvsgul Lake in the north, surrounded by mountains and perfect for kayaking, fishing, and hiking.
- Terelj National Park: Discover the scenic beauty of Terelj National Park, located near Ulaanbaatar, with picturesque rock formations, hiking trails, and a chance to experience nomadic culture.
- Orkhon Valley: Explore the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Orkhon Valley, known for its historical ruins, hot springs, and breathtaking natural landscapes.
Depending on your nationality, you may need a visa to enter Mongolia. It’s advisable to check the Mongolian embassy or consulate in your country for specific requirements.
The primary international gateway to Mongolia is Chinggis Khaan International Airport (ULN) in Ulaanbaatar. Domestic flights, buses, and trains are available for traveling within the country. It’s recommended to book transportation and tours in advance, especially during peak travel seasons.
Mongolia offers a range of accommodations from luxury hotels to traditional ger camps. Ger camps provide a unique experience and a chance to immerse yourself in Mongolian culture. Local cuisine consists of meat, dairy products, and traditional dishes like khorkhog (roasted meat) and buuz (dumplings), as well as international cuisine options in major cities.
Stay safe during the tours in Mongolia:
Mongolia is generally a safe country for travelers. However, it’s advisable to take usual precautions, be aware of your surroundings, and take care of your belongings. It’s also recommended to have travel insurance that covers any adventurous activities you plan to engage in.
Local Customs and Etiquette that you must know before you go to Mongolia:
Respect local customs and traditions, including norms related to hospitality and modesty. When visiting Buddhist monasteries or temples, dress modestly and follow any guidelines or restrictions. It’s polite to ask for permission before taking photos of people, and it’s typical to offer a small gift when visiting nomadic families.
I hope this information helps you plan your trip to Mongolia! If you have any more specific questions, feel free to ask. Safe travels and enjoy your time in Mongolia!