Here’s the complete information about Ulaanbaatar City, including its name meaning and population:

Ulaanbaatar, also known as Ulan Bator, is the capital and largest city of Mongolia. It is located in the north-central part of the country and is the cultural, economic, and political center of Mongolia. The city is situated at an altitude of about 1,350 meters (4,430 feet) above sea level and is surrounded by four sacred mountains.

Name Meaning:

The name “Ulaanbaatar” translates to “Red Hero” in Mongolian. “Ulaan” means “red” and “baatar” means “hero.” The name refers to Damdin Sukhbaatar, a national hero who played a significant role in Mongolia’s independence from China in 1921.


Ulaanbaatar has a rich history spanning over 370 years. It was first established as a nomadic Buddhist monastic center in 1639 and was later expanded during the Qing Dynasty of China. The city originally served as a religious and trade center for Mongolian nomads.

During the 20th century, Mongolia experienced significant political changes and Ulaanbaatar became a focal point. In 1924, Mongolia’s communist revolution led to the establishment of the Mongolian People’s Republic, and Ulaanbaatar became its capital. The city developed rapidly and experienced industrialization under Soviet influence.


As of the latest estimates, the population of Ulaanbaatar is over 1.4 million people. The city has experienced rapid urbanization and population growth in recent years, attracting people from rural areas seeking better opportunities.

Attractions and Activities:

  1. Gandantegchinlen Monastery: This is one of the most important religious sites in Mongolia, housing a massive statue of Migjid Janraisig, the bodhisattva of compassion.
  2. Sukhbaatar Square: Located in the heart of the city, this square is a popular gathering spot and a venue for important events and demonstrations. It is also home to the statue of Damdin Sukhbaatar, a national hero.
  3. National Museum of Mongolia: Explore the rich history and cultural heritage of Mongolia through its impressive collection of artifacts, ranging from prehistoric times to the modern era.
  4. Bogd Khan Palace Museum: Discover the former residence of the last Mongolian emperor and learn about the country’s monarchy and its historical significance.
  5. Terelj National Park: Just a short drive from the city, this stunning national park offers picturesque landscapes, unique rock formations, and opportunities for hiking, horseback riding, and camping.

Budget and Transportation:

In terms of your budget, Ulaanbaatar offers various accommodation options, from budget-friendly guesthouses to luxury hotels. The city also has a range of dining options to suit different budgets. As for transportation, getting around the city is relatively easy with taxis, buses, and a subway system.

I hope this information helps you plan your trip to Ulaanbaatar! Let me know if you have any other questions or if there’s anything else I can assist you with.